20 Frightening medieval weapons

by Marc De Laria
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Medieval weapons were mostly designed to annihilate the enemy which is why most of them are very unique and are popular today. The world has been witness to a lot of weapons from the early years up to now. Even with the advancement of technology, experts on weaponry are trying to mold something that came from the medieval ages. If you are interested in knowing the top 20 frightening medieval weapons of all time, then below is the list of the outrageous weaponry in that period of time.

20. Arming sword

Arming swordType of European Word that has a single-handed cruciform hilt and straight double-edged blade of around 69 to 81 centimeters (27 to 32 in), commonly used from the 11th to 16th centuries designed for both cutting and thrusting. The arming sword was the standard military sword of the medieval European knight.

19. Shortsword

ShortswordThis weapon is a smaller version of the longsword but longer than a dagger or dirk. It generally has a double-edged blade, cross-guard, grip, and pommel. The blade is typically from 12 to 20 in (30 to 50 cm) long with a sharp point and weighs 2 lb (0.9 kg).

18. Zweihander

ZweihanderAlso known as a two-handed sword during the Renaissance period. It is called two-handed sword because it requires two hands to wield it. It is typically at least 1.4 m (4 ft 71⁄8 in) long and with a weight of over 2 kg. It represents the final stage in the trend of increasing size that started in the 14th century.

17. Claymore

ClaymoreIt is aScottishversion of the late medieval two-handed longsword. It is characterized as having a cross hilt of forward-sloping quillons with quatrefoil terminations. It was commonly used during the 15th to 17th centuries. The average claymore is about 140 cm (55 in) in overall length, and weighs around 5.5 lb (2.5 kg).

16. Longsword

LongswordA European sword characterized as having a cruciform hilt with a grip for two-handed use and a straight double-edged blade of around 90 to 110 cm (35 to 43 in), used during the late medieval and Renaissance periods with early and late use reaching into the 13th and 17th centuries.

15. Broadsword

BroadswordA very effective and well-rounded medieval weapon that is usually a straight two-edged blade; broadsword is fairly quick and deals reasonable damage to the opponents . It can do swing damage with the horizontal and overhead slashes, and pierce damage with the stab. Broadswords were favored in the Elizabethan period of England.

14. Saber

SaberSword That usually has a curved, single-edged blade and a rather large hand guard, covering the knuckles of the hand as well as the thumb and forefinger. The length of sabers varied, and most were carried in a scabbard hanging from a shoulder belt usually with slings of differing lengths to hang below the rider’s waist level.

13. Katana

KatanaCommonly used in feudal Japan, also commonly referred to as a “samurai sword”.The katana is characterized by its distinctive appearance: a curved, slender, single-edged blade with a circular or squared guard and long grip to accommodate two hands.  The first use of “katana” occurs as early as the Kamakura Period.

12. Ulfberht

UlfberhtIs a weapon of the Viking Age. It was a development of the Roman spatha, evolving out of the Migration Period sword in the 8th century, and into the classical knightly sword in the 11th century. Blade length varied from 71 to 84 centimeters. Examples have single, deep, wide fullers running the full length of the blade.

11. Battle ax

Battle axThe medieval battle axes were rampant in Europe in the Viking Age. They were used throughout the rest of the middle ages until the end of the 16th century. Axes made for battle ranged in weight from slightly over 0.5 kg to 3 kg, and in length from over 30 cm to upwards of 1.5 m.

10. Club

ClubA club is essentially a short staff, or stick, usually made of wood, and wielded as a weapon since prehistoric times. It was also an early medieval weapon and was originally a simple heavy piece of wood. Over centuries it changed along with the changes in technology and the armory sample is a spike club.

9. Flail

FlailMay refer to two different weapons: a two-handed infantry weapon derived from an agricultural tool and a one-handed weapon. Both involve a separate striking head attached to a handle by a flexible rope, strap, or chain. The two-handed variant was used in a limited number of conflicts during the European Middle Ages.

8. Mace

MaceBlunt weapon, a type of club or virgethat has a heavy head on the end of a handle to deliver powerful blows. A mace usually consists of a strong, heavy, wooden or metal shaft, often reinforced with metal, featuring a head made of stone, copper, bronze, iron, or steel.

7. Flanged mace

Flanged mace

A deadly weapon that is best when used to overwhelm opponents with repeated strikes. It deals more damage than the broadsword and is slightly faster, though its reach is considerably shorter. It is among the powerful 1handed blunt weapons in the medieval time in terms of damage, with its only drawback being its reach.

6. Pernach


A type of flanged mace originating in the 12th century in the region of Kievan Rus’ and later widely used throughout Europe. was often carried as a ceremonial mace of rank by certain Eastern European military commanders. The name comes from the Slavic word перо (pero) meaning feather, resembling an arrow with feathering.

5. Shestopyor

ShestopyorThese are Old Russian shock cold weapon during the XIV—XVII centuries. It represents a mace version on which head 6 metal plates — “feathers” are welded. The first Shestopyor had a total length about 60 cm and triangular section of edges and weighed 2.7 kg. These also is a symbol of the power of military leaders.

4. Maul


Long-handled hammer with a heavy metal head, either of lead or iron. It is somewhat similar to a modern sledgehammer but is sometimes shown as having a spear-like spike on the fore-end of the haft. The use of the maul as a weapon seems to date from the later 14th century.

3. Morning star

Morning starA medieval weapon consisting of a spiked club resembling that of a mace, usually with a long spike extending straight from the top and many smaller spikes around the particle of the head. It first came into widespread use around the beginning of the fourteenth century and is often applied to the military flail.

2. Quarterstaff

QuarterstaffCan be called as short staff is a traditional European pole weapon and a technique of stick fighting, especially as in use during theEarly Modern period. Refer to a shaft of hardwood from 6 to 9 feet (1.8 to 2.7 m) long, sometimes with a metal tip, ferrule, or spike at one or both ends.

1. War hammer

War hammerIs a late medieval weapon of war intended for close combat action, whose design resembles the hammer and somewhat similar to that of an ice ax. The handle may be of different lengths, the longest being roughly equivalent to the halberd, and the shortest about the same as a mace.

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