If you were asked which was the largest ship ever built, what would you answer? Titanic would probably be your best guess, however, that is wrong as there are many more monster ships out there that have been built. Why would ships larger than the famous Titanic built then?
Ships actually are vital to communication and trade. About 90% of all products around the world are carried by these massive giants to different destinations. As transport at sea is slower in speed than transport in air, very large ships were built to save time transporting these products. How do we know how large is large for the size of ships? A ship’s length and deadweight represents its overall size. Many powerful companies around the world created these ships for effective transport and better services.
By examining information about ships created throughout history, we came up with the top ten world’s largest ships.
10. MS Vale Brasil
Being the world’s largest bulk carrier, MS Vale Brasil is a ship with a length of 1,118 feet and a gross weight of 199,000 tonnes. MS Vale Brasil was owned by Vale, a Brazilian mining company, and started its first maiden voyage in May 2011. It was constructed to carry iron ore from Brazil to Asia near the Cape route around South Africa. MS Vale Brasil is one of the 400,000 ton very large ore carriers (VLOC) manufactured by Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering and Jiangsu RongSheng Heavy Industries. It can travel up to 14.9 knots and with a deadweight of 400,000 tonnes.
9. Jarmada class
The Jarmada class was built to transport oil to many places around the world. It started off its first voyage in 1975. The ship class has a length of 1,225 feet and can reach a maximum speed of up to 16 knots. Having spent about 32 years in the oil transport industry, the commission had to put out the ships in 2008. The ships have been outdated and incompetent due to its long years of service yet the Jarmada class was considered of having a glorious history because of its many successful voyages. The Jarmada class, as of now, is being used as a storage facility.
8. Globtik Tokyo
In 1972, Globtik Tokyo was the largest supertanker in the world with a length of 1243 feet and a deadweight of 484,000 tonnes. Its first voyage was in February 1973. Globtik Tokyo could run 16 knots with its maximum carrying capacity and up to 17 knots with an empty load. Although the Globtik Tokyo was a very massive ship, it was pretty nimble and had a turning circle three times shorter than its length. It could even stop in under three miles with its single crew in reverse. The ship transported oil to different places for 13 years and was then phased out.
7. TI class supertanker
The TI class supertanker may fare well as a cruise ship, however, its kind is dedicated to the oil transport industry. Although it’s one of the most attractive ships ever built, it has a massive capacity for transporting oil. Built for about 25 years, it began transporting oil to many parts of the world in 2003. This ship class has up-to-date technology which makes it probable to continue its service for more than 12 years. The TI class supertanker has a length of 1246 feet and a deadweight of 440,000 tonnes. Although this ship class was considered ULCCs (Ultra-large crude carriers), it can run up to 18 knots.
6. Emma Mærsk
Emma Mærsk is the first of the eight E-class ships owned by A.P. Moller-Maersk Group. Designed to be a container ship, it had its first voyage in 2006 and was then the largest of its kind. Emma Mærsk can carry 11, 000 twenty-foot equivalent units up to 14, 770 twenty-foot equivalent units. Only its sister ship, the EbbaMærsk with a carrying capacity of 15, 011 twenty-foot equivalent units, defeated its capacity records. Emma Mærsk has a length of 1,305 feet and a deadweight of 150,000 tonnes. It can travel to a maximum speed of 18 knots. Emma Mærsk is still in good condition and continues to be in service.
5. Esso Atlantic
Just 33 feet shorter than the Empire State Building, the Esso Atlantic was the biggest ship in its time. It had its first voyage in 1977 under Esso Tanker, Inc. of Liberia. Esso Atlantic had a length of 1384 feet and a crude oil capacity of 611, 200 cubic meters. It has a deadweight of 508,731 tonnes and can move up to 16 knots. It was so big that its propellers were as tall as three-story buildings. It served in the oil transport industry for more than 34 years. Esso Atlantic retired from service in 2002 and was scrapped in Pakistan.
4. Prairial (supertanker)
Prairial was the fourth and last vessel of Batillus class supertankers, the largest supertankers ever built in the world. It stands out from the other four Batillus class ships as it remained in service for more than ten years. The Prairial was created in 1979 by Chantiers de l’Atlantique à Saint-Nazaire for Compagnie Nationale de Navigation. Until its retirement in the oil transport industry in 2003, the Prairial traveled under three different names namely Sea Brilliance, Hellas Fos and Sea Giant. The Prairial had a length of 1359 feet and a deadweight of 555, 046 tonnes. It can go up to a maximum of 16 knots.
Batillus was a sister ship of Prairial, and also belongs to the famous Batillus class supertankers. BuiIt in 1976, it was the first out of the four Batillus class supertankers.Like Prairial, it was also created by Chantiers de l’Atlantique at Saint-Nazaire for the French branch of Shell Oil. Batillus had a length of 1359 feet and a massive deadweight of 553, 662 tonnes. Its service speed was about 16.7 knots. Although the Batillus was extremely large, it was not able to serve for a longer duration and had retired from service in 1985. That was just about 9 years of service.
2. Pierre Guillaumat (supertanker)
The Pierre Guillaumat was a sister ship to both Prairial and Batillus. It was the second of the four Batillus class supertankers and was also created byChantiers de l’Atlantique at Saint-Nazaire for CompagnieNationale de Navigation. Pierre Guillaumat was in service since 1977. However, its large dimensions created restrictions to its employment by making it very hard to harbor. The ship was put on hold at Fujairah in February 1983 and then later bought by Hyundai Corporation. Only a year after, it was brought to Ulsan, South Korea for demolition. Pierre Guillaumat has a length of 1360 feet and a deadweight of 555,000. It could run up to 16 knots.
1. Seawise Giant
The Seawise Giant, also known as Happy Giant, Jahre Viking and Knock Nevis, reigns on this list as it is the biggest ULCC supertanker and the largest ship ever built until the present. Built in 1979 by Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd., Seawise Giant served for more than 30 years. Its deadweight of 657, 019 tonnes is the greatest deadweight tonnage ever recorded. Its length was an overwhelming 1,504 feet. Although it had massive size, it could still run up to 16 knots. The Seawise Giant was so large that it could not travel the English Channel and the Suez Canal.